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Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II photograph

Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II

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Gender Male
Death219 years ago
Date of birth March 7,1734
Zodiac sign Pisces
Born Hyderabad State
Date of died August 6,1803
DiedTelangana
India
Place of burialMecca Masjid, Hyderabad, India
Successor Sikandar Jah
Noble familyAsaf Jahi dynasty
Children Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III
Parents Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I
Place of burialMecca Masjid, Hyderabad, India
Grandchildren Mir Farqunda Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah lV
Mubarez-ud-Daulah
Grandparents Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung I
Date of Reg.
Date of Upd.
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Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II Life story


Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah II was the 2nd Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum.

Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the 2nd Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi, Fateh Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan.

Nizam of Hyderabad


Faujdar of the Deccan


Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander.

Shah Alam II' – Subedar of the Deccan


After the Marathas were routed during the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761, Nizam Ali and his army of 60,000 immediately advanced and repulsed them as far as Puna and forced them to sue for lasting peace. Nizam Ali then seized the Bidar Fort and later arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung (supported by the French East India Company), from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.

Supporting Shah Alam II


Immediately after recapturing the throne Shah Alam II in 1772, came under the influence of Nizam Ali Khan the Nizam of Hyderabad.

Nizam's intervention against the Peshwa


In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa. The Nizam marched towards Poona, but little did he know that Rughunathrao was going to betray him. In 1763, Madhavrao I along with Rughunathrao defeated Nizam at Battle of Rakshasbhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas.In 1795, he was defeated by Madhavrao II's Marathas at the Battle of Kharda and was forced to cede Daulatabad, Aurangabad and Sholapur and pay an indemnity of Rs. 30 million.A French general, Monsieur Raymond, served as his military leader, strategist and advisor.

Fall of Mysore


The following year, he realized that the fall of Tipu Sultan was imminent and thus, he entered into a Subsidiary alliance with the British East India Company. Thus Hyderabad, which is in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom, became a princely state within the British Raj.

Death


Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on 6 August 1803.

See also


Hyderabad State

Nizam of Hyderabad

Asaf Jahi dynasty

References


External links


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