Minoru Miki photograph

Minoru Miki

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Gender Male
Death11 years ago
Date of birth March 16,1930
Zodiac sign Pisces
Date_of_died November 8,2011
DiedTokyo
Japan
Record_labels Alba
Point Classics
Soundset
Movies/Shows Aru kikanjoshi
Kyoto, My Mother's Place
On the Road: A Document
The Far Road
Karate: The Hand of Death
Listen_artist open.spotify.com
Born Japan
Date of Reg.
Date of Upd.
ID856190
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Minoru Miki Life story


Minoru Miki was a Japanese composer and artistic director, particularly known for his promotional activities in favor of Japanese traditional instruments and some of their performers.

Minoru Miki (Japanese: 三木 稔, 16 March 1930 – 8 December 2011) was a Japanese composer and artistic director, particularly known for his promotional activities in favor of Japanese (as well as Chinese and Korean) traditional instruments and some of their performers.

Biography


His vast catalog, where the aforementioned traditional instruments figure profusely either solo or in various types of ensembles with or without Western instruments, demonstrates large stylistic and formal diversity. It includes operas and various kinds of stage music and orchestral, concerto, chamber and solo music, and music for films. Miki was probably the second best-known Japanese composer overseas after Tōru Takemitsu.[citation needed]

He was a pioneer in the composition of contemporary classical music for large ensembles of traditional Japanese musical instruments. In 1964 he founded the Nihon Ongaku Shūdan (Pro Musica Nipponia ensemble), also known as Ensemble Nipponia, for which he has composed extensively.

Miki was born in Tokushima on March 16, 1930. His first musical experiences were connected with the traditional music of his region. He had no formal music education before he moved to Okayama for high school, where he first had contact with European classical music. From there, he moved to Tokyo, graduating from Tokyo University of the Arts in 1964. That year, Miki founded Pro musica Nipponia (日本音楽集団), an orchestra of traditional Japanese instruments for which he would compose a large number of works. He also began cooperating with koto virtuoso Keiko Nosaka, developing the 20-string koto and reviving the instrument's repertoire with many new works in various genres and combinations, including five concertos for koto and orchestra. Miki composed his first opera, Shunkinsho (based on Tanizaki's eponymous novel), in 1975. Interest by members of the English Music Theatre Company in Japanese traditional music led to contacts with Miki, which resulted in the commission of the opera Ada, An Actor's Revenge, to an English libretto by James Kirkup. Ada premiered in London in 1979 and was one of the last works commissioned and performed by the EMTC before its ultimate disbandment in 1980. During this period, Miki developed a relationship with director Colin Graham that was to last until the latter's death in 2007. The most notable result of this cooperation was the opera Jōruri, commissioned by Graham for the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis (where he had moved following the disbandment of the EMTC) and premiered there in 1985.

From 1992 with Wakahime, Miki turned to a pan-Asian perspective, incorporating music and instruments from a number of Asian countries in his compositions and collaborating with a number of Asian artists. Some of Miki's operas from then on – and notably Wakahime and Aien – also increasingly tend to deal with episodes of Japan's presence and interaction with its neighboring Asian countries, often incorporating the use on stage and within the plot of such countries' traditional instruments.

Miki died of sepsis at Mitaka city hospital, in Tokyo, during the early hours of December 8 2011.

Works


Operatic cycle on Japanese history (日本史オペラ連作)


Shunkinshō (春琴抄) (1975)

Ada, An Actor's Revenge (あだ) (1979); piano score by Geoffrey Tozer

Jōruri (じょうるり) (1985)

Wakahime (ワカヒメ) (1991)

Shizuka to Yoshitsune (静と義経) (1993)

The River Sumida / Kusabira (隅田川/くさびら) (1995)

Genji monogatari (The Tale of Genji; 源氏物語) (1999)

Ai-en (愛 怨) (2005)

The Happy Pagoda (幸せのパゴダ) (2010)

Other operas


The Monkey Poet (うたよみざる) (1983)

Yomigaeru (よみがえる) (1986–1992)

Terute and Oguri (照手と小栗) (1993)

Ballet


From the Land of Light 光の国から

Orchestral


Trinita sinfonica (1953)

Symphony Joya (1960)

Symphony from Life (1980)

Beijing Requiem for string orchestra (1990)

MAI 舞 (1992)

Concertante


Marimba Concerto (1969)

Eurasian Trilogy 鳳凰三連 (1969; 74; 81), Japanese and Western instruments

Koto Concerto No. 1 (1974); this piece is also the second movement of Eurasian Trilogy

Koto Concerto No. 2 (1978)

Koto Concerto No. 3 (1980); aka Concerto Requiem

Koto Concerto No. 4 (1984); aka Pine Concerto 松の協奏曲

Koto Concerto No. 5 (1985)

Z Concerto (1992), marimba and percussion soli

Pipa Concerto (1997)

Requiem 99 (1998); marimba solo, orchestra of Japanese traditional instruments

Trio Concerto (2000), shakuhachi, pipa, 21-koto soli, orchestra of Japanese instruments

Shakuhachi Concerto (2002), aka Lotus Concerto

Chamber music


Piano Sextet (1965), fl, ob, cl, bn, hn, pf

Piano Trio (1986), pf, vn, vc

String Quartet (1989)

Marimba Spiritual (1983), marimba solo with percussion trio

Solo


Time for Marimba, (1968), marimba

Ballades for koto (I-Winter, 1969; II-Spring, 1976; III-Summer, 1983, ; IV-Autumn, 1990)

Film music


On the Road: A Document (ドキュメント路上 Dokyumento rojō) (1964); directed by Noriaki Tsuchimoto

In the Realm of the Senses 愛のコリーダ (1976); directed by Nagisa Oshima

Vocal


Shirabe, 4 songs for tenor and harp (1979)

Requiem (1963), baritone solo, male chorus, orchestra

The Mole's Tale (1966), male chorus, 2 perc.

Written


Miki, Minoru (2008). Flavin, Philip (ed.). Composing for Japanese instruments. Translated by Regan, Marty. Rochester, New York: University of Rochester Press. ISBN 9781580462730.

References


三木稔、「日本楽器法」、東京:音楽之友社、1996年。

三木稔、「オペラ《源氏物語》ができるまで」、東京:中央アート出版社、2001年。

External links


Official website

Minoru Miki Photos

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