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|Death||11 years ago|
|Date of birth||March 16,1930|
|Kyoto, My Mother's Place|
|On the Road: A Document|
|The Far Road|
|Karate: The Hand of Death|
|Date of Reg.|
|Date of Upd.|
Minoru Miki Life story
Minoru Miki was a Japanese composer and artistic director, particularly known for his promotional activities in favor of Japanese traditional instruments and some of their performers.
Minoru Miki (Japanese: 三木 稔, 16 March 1930 – 8 December 2011) was a Japanese composer and artistic director, particularly known for his promotional activities in favor of Japanese (as well as Chinese and Korean) traditional instruments and some of their performers.
His vast catalog, where the aforementioned traditional instruments figure profusely either solo or in various types of ensembles with or without Western instruments, demonstrates large stylistic and formal diversity. It includes operas and various kinds of stage music and orchestral, concerto, chamber and solo music, and music for films. Miki was probably the second best-known Japanese composer overseas after Tōru Takemitsu.
He was a pioneer in the composition of contemporary classical music for large ensembles of traditional Japanese musical instruments. In 1964 he founded the Nihon Ongaku Shūdan (Pro Musica Nipponia ensemble), also known as Ensemble Nipponia, for which he has composed extensively.
Miki was born in Tokushima on March 16, 1930. His first musical experiences were connected with the traditional music of his region. He had no formal music education before he moved to Okayama for high school, where he first had contact with European classical music. From there, he moved to Tokyo, graduating from Tokyo University of the Arts in 1964. That year, Miki founded Pro musica Nipponia (日本音楽集団), an orchestra of traditional Japanese instruments for which he would compose a large number of works. He also began cooperating with koto virtuoso Keiko Nosaka, developing the 20-string koto and reviving the instrument's repertoire with many new works in various genres and combinations, including five concertos for koto and orchestra. Miki composed his first opera, Shunkinsho (based on Tanizaki's eponymous novel), in 1975. Interest by members of the English Music Theatre Company in Japanese traditional music led to contacts with Miki, which resulted in the commission of the opera Ada, An Actor's Revenge, to an English libretto by James Kirkup. Ada premiered in London in 1979 and was one of the last works commissioned and performed by the EMTC before its ultimate disbandment in 1980. During this period, Miki developed a relationship with director Colin Graham that was to last until the latter's death in 2007. The most notable result of this cooperation was the opera Jōruri, commissioned by Graham for the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis (where he had moved following the disbandment of the EMTC) and premiered there in 1985.
From 1992 with Wakahime, Miki turned to a pan-Asian perspective, incorporating music and instruments from a number of Asian countries in his compositions and collaborating with a number of Asian artists. Some of Miki's operas from then on – and notably Wakahime and Aien – also increasingly tend to deal with episodes of Japan's presence and interaction with its neighboring Asian countries, often incorporating the use on stage and within the plot of such countries' traditional instruments.
Miki died of sepsis at Mitaka city hospital, in Tokyo, during the early hours of December 8 2011.
Operatic cycle on Japanese history (日本史オペラ連作)
Shunkinshō (春琴抄) (1975)
Ada, An Actor's Revenge (あだ) (1979); piano score by Geoffrey Tozer
Jōruri (じょうるり) (1985)
Wakahime (ワカヒメ) (1991)
Shizuka to Yoshitsune (静と義経) (1993)
The River Sumida / Kusabira (隅田川／くさびら) (1995)
Genji monogatari (The Tale of Genji; 源氏物語) (1999)
Ai-en (愛 怨) (2005)
The Happy Pagoda (幸せのパゴダ) (2010)
The Monkey Poet (うたよみざる) (1983)
Yomigaeru (よみがえる) (1986–1992)
Terute and Oguri (照手と小栗) (1993)
From the Land of Light 光の国から
Trinita sinfonica (1953)
Symphony Joya (1960)
Symphony from Life (1980)
Beijing Requiem for string orchestra (1990)
MAI 舞 (1992)
Marimba Concerto (1969)
Eurasian Trilogy 鳳凰三連 (1969; 74; 81), Japanese and Western instruments
Koto Concerto No. 1 (1974); this piece is also the second movement of Eurasian Trilogy
Koto Concerto No. 2 (1978)
Koto Concerto No. 3 (1980); aka Concerto Requiem
Koto Concerto No. 4 (1984); aka Pine Concerto 松の協奏曲
Koto Concerto No. 5 (1985)
Z Concerto (1992), marimba and percussion soli
Pipa Concerto (1997)
Requiem 99 (1998); marimba solo, orchestra of Japanese traditional instruments
Trio Concerto (2000), shakuhachi, pipa, 21-koto soli, orchestra of Japanese instruments
Shakuhachi Concerto (2002), aka Lotus Concerto
Piano Sextet (1965), fl, ob, cl, bn, hn, pf
Piano Trio (1986), pf, vn, vc
String Quartet (1989)
Marimba Spiritual (1983), marimba solo with percussion trio
Time for Marimba, (1968), marimba
Ballades for koto (I-Winter, 1969; II-Spring, 1976; III-Summer, 1983, ; IV-Autumn, 1990)
On the Road: A Document (ドキュメント路上 Dokyumento rojō) (1964); directed by Noriaki Tsuchimoto
In the Realm of the Senses 愛のコリーダ (1976); directed by Nagisa Oshima
Shirabe, 4 songs for tenor and harp (1979)
Requiem (1963), baritone solo, male chorus, orchestra
The Mole's Tale (1966), male chorus, 2 perc.
Miki, Minoru (2008). Flavin, Philip (ed.). Composing for Japanese instruments. Translated by Regan, Marty. Rochester, New York: University of Rochester Press. ISBN 9781580462730.