|Use attributes for filter !|
|Death||83 years ago|
|Date of birth||August 17,1887|
|Born||Saint Ann's Bay|
|Date of died||June 10,1940|
|Children||Marcus Mosiah Garvey, III|
|Education||Birkbeck, University of London|
|Spouse||Amy Jacques Garvey|
|Amy Ashwood Garvey|
|Founded||Universal Negro Improvement Association And African Communities League|
|Place of burial||National Heroes Park, Kingston, Jamaica|
|Parents||Sarah Jane Richards|
|Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr.|
|Edited works||The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey|
|Date of Reg.|
|Date of Upd.|
Marcus Garvey Life story
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH was a Jamaican political activist. He was the founder and first President-General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, through which he declared himself Provisional President of Africa.
Malawi's John Chilembwe gets statue in London's Trafalgar Square:
... Chilembwe is considered to have influenced several figures of black liberation, including Jamaican political activist Marcus Garvey, and John Langalibalele Dube, the founding president of what went on to become the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa...
‘I'm a Rasta, I'm British, I'm an officer and a commando'
... Rastafari began in Jamaica in the 1930s, and grew out of the black improvement movement led by Jamaican activist Marcus Garvey, which promoted the idea that all people are equal...
The African American who moved to Ghana 'to escape US racism'
... Bastion of pan-AfricanismThe president sees things differently, saying it is an opportunity to strengthen links and to give the diaspora a chance to explore the possibility of settling in Ghana - something that civil rights leaders Marcus Garvey and WEB Du Bois championed in the 1920s...
‘I'm a Rasta, I'm British, I'm an officer and a commando'
" I don't remember a time not wanting to join the Army, " says 30-year-Old Capt Kidane Cousland, known as Danny to his comrades.
" All The Toys I had were little commando toys or Rambo bandanas. It just felt part of my internal narrative for as long as I can remember. "
True to his childhood dreams, Danny grew up to become a commando himself. He joined the Army in 2008, completing his Basic Training in Harrogate before going on to be posted to 29 Commando Regiment and earning his " green lid" or beret. The Green beret is only worn by Royal Marines or other personnel from the Army, Navy or RAF who have completed the gruelling commando course. Tests include a 30 mile (48km) cross-terrain endurance march and timed Tarzan assault course.
" There were massive reservations from My Family . They thought I would receive prejudice, they thought I'd have a Hard Time , they thought it wasn't The Place for me, " says Danny. " I'm a Rasta, I'm a Londoner, I'm British - But at The Time those things didn't co-habit naturally. I don't think people expected you to be a Rasta and also want to join The British military. "
In fact, the Army has been the Making Of him.
Danny Says he didn't get on well at school. He " bounced" around different schools and remembers often sitting outside the headteacher's office.
" I had learning difficulties That weren't identified by my teachers, so I just became really disillusioned with it, " he says. " I knew I was more intelligent than I was allowed to express, But I wasn't given That support, so I couldn't read until I was about 11 years Old - I think That was a big challenge for me. "
" When I was on The Street and someone spat at me and told me to go back to My Own country, there was no-one That I could go to to say: 'This person has done That . ' Whereas in the Army, if anyone stepped over That line, That 's them gone immediately, Zero Tolerance , and I know exactly who I can go to if I experience it. "
That 's far from a universal experience for ethnic minority recruits into the UK military, though. In 2019 The Independent ombudsman overseeing The Armed services, said. At The Time , Nicola Williams urged the Ministry of Defence to do more to root it out, In 2020, The Chief of the defence staff, General Sir Nick Carter , said to tackle Racial Discrimination in the forces.
Danny did a tour of Afghanistan in 2010 and despite not having the necessary qualifications, was later recommended for officer training at Sandhurst. There he was awarded The Sword of Honour in 2016, given to The Best officer cadet on The Course . He rose to The Position of Adjutant in the 29 Commando Regiment, looking after More Than 400 commandos.
In 2021, he was awarded an MBE for his work setting up and building the Defence Rastafari Network. Created in 2017, The Network supports serving Rastafarians in the military. Danny believes there doesn't need to be friction between faith and service.
But , he says, it is a faith That is sometimes still misunderstood, even trivialised. " It's caricatured as: they smoke marijuana, they have long hair and they're all Jamaican. That 's just a lazy stereotype and obviously it's not the case.
When Danny joined the Army, he was told by the recruiting sergeant, without malice, " You can't join with That hair, " so he cut his dreadlocks. Some Rastafarians take a vow which forbids the cutting of hair, regarding it as a spiritual symbol of strength. Since The Creation of the Defence Rastafari Network, The Dress regulations have been amended to allow Rastafarian soldiers to wear a full beard, dreadlocks and turban, which is required by some denominations.
" It's been amazing, " says Danny.
Recruitment into the Army from other religions, including members of the Rastafarian faith, has increased by More Than 150% in recent years -
Danny has now returned to Sandhurst as an instructor But agrees there is a lot more work to be done to attract people from different identities, backgrounds and faiths to the military.
" The Armed forces has got a really big challenge, because it isn't representative currently of our society and we're not drawing the very best talent from female groupings, from minority groupings, from different religious denominations. There's something That isn't magnetising That kind of talent towards us, " says Danny.
" It's amazing to prove your family wrong, when It Comes to a positive thing, " says Danny. " Being able to go back To My community and encourage them and say [the Army] is a place That we can achieve success and That We Are welcome, That we can all pull towards the same end, is something That 's really powerful. "
Source of news: bbc.com