Ludolf Bakhuizen photograph

Ludolf Bakhuizen

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Gender Male
Death313 years ago
Date of birth December 28,1630
Zodiac sign Capricorn
Born Emden
Germany
Date of died November 17,1708
DiedAmsterdam
Netherlands
Periods Dutch Golden Age
Baroque
Current partnerAnna de Hooghe
Works
Warships in a Heavy Storm
Period by artworks
Baroque
Date of Reg.
Date of Upd.
ID979587
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Ludolf Bakhuizen Life story


Ludolf Bakhuizen was a German-born Dutch painter, draughtsman, calligrapher and printmaker. He was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after Willem van de Velde the Elder and Younger left for England in 1672. He also painted portraits of his family and circle of friends.

Ludolf Bakhuizen (28 December 1630 – 7 November 1708) was a German-born Dutch painter, draughtsman, calligrapher and printmaker. He was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after Willem van de Velde the Elder and Younger left for England in 1672. He also painted portraits of his family and circle of friends.

Life


He was born in Emden, East Frisia, and came to Amsterdam in about 1650, working as a merchant's clerk and a calligrapher. He discovered so strong a genius for painting that he relinquished the business and devoted himself to art from the late 1650s, initially in pen drawings. He studied first under Allart van Everdingen and then under Hendrik Dubbels, two eminent masters of the time, and soon became celebrated for his sea-pieces, which often had rough seas.He was an ardent student of nature, and frequently exposed himself on the sea in an open boat in order to study the effects of storms. His compositions, which are numerous, are nearly all variations of one subject, the sea, and in a style peculiarly his own, marked by intense realism or faithful imitation of nature. In his later years Bakhuizen employed his skills in etching; he also painted a few examples each of several other genres of painting, such as portraits, landscapes and genre paintings.During his life Bakhuizen was visited by Cosimo III de' Medici, Peter the Great and also worked for various German princes. In 1699 he opened a gallery on the top floor of the famous Amsterdam townhall. After a visit to England he died in Amsterdam on 17 November 1708.Bakhuizen painted portraits of his large circle of friends. These are of lesser artistic value but provide an insight into his good relations with contemporary scholars and literary figures.

Gallery


Notes


References


Broos, B. P. J. (6 January 2017), "Bakhuizen, Ludolf", Grove Art Online, Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press

Houbraken, Arnold (1718), "Ludolf Bakhuizen biography", De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen, Digital library for Dutch literature

MacLaren, Neil (1991), The Dutch School, 1600–1800, Vol. I, National Gallery Catalogues, London: National Gallery, ISBN 0-947645-99-3Attribution:

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Backhuysen, Ludolf", Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 3 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 135

External links


61 artworks by or after Ludolf Bakhuizen at the Art UK site

"Ludolf Backhuysen" , Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 3 (9th ed.), 1878, p. 200

Media related to Ludolf Bakhuizen at Wikimedia Commons

"Ships in Distress in a Heavy Storm", Rijksmuseum

Ludolf Bakhuizen Photos

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