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Judith Hart

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Gender Female
Death30 years ago
Date of birth September 18,1924
Zodiac sign Virgo
Born Burnley
United Kingdom
Date of died December 8,1991
DiedLondon
United Kingdom
Spouse Anthony Hart
Party Labour Party
BooksAid and liberation
Aid and liberation
The Relationship Between the Industralised and Developing Countries: Fourth Annual Tom Mboya Memorial Lecture
The Priority for Rural Development Overseas: Address to the Royal Society of Arts
Administering an Aid Programme in a Year of Change: a Personal Diary: Address by the Rt. Hon. Judith Hart MP, Minister of Overseas Development, London, 20 February, 1975
Education University of London
Date of Reg.
Date of Upd.
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Judith Hart Life story


Constance Mary Hart, Baroness Hart of South Lanark, DBE, PC, known as Judith Hart, was a British Labour Party politician. She served as a government minister during the 1960s and 1970s before entering the House of Lords in 1988.

Constance Mary Hart, Baroness Hart of South Lanark, (née Ridehalgh; 18 September 1924 – 8 December 1991), known as Judith Hart, was a British Labour Party politician. She served as a government minister during the 1960s and 1970s before entering the House of Lords in 1988.

Early life and education


Hart was born on 18 September 1924 in Burnley, Lancashire, England. Her mother died when she was eleven years old; a year later, she adopted the name Judith on a train to London. She was educated at Clitheroe Royal Grammar School, the London School of Economics and the University of London.

Political career


After joining the Labour Party aged 18, Hart was unsuccessful Labour candidate for Bournemouth West in 1951. She stood again in Aberdeen South in 1955 in "The Battle of the Housewives" but lost to Lady Tweedsmuir. She was elected as member for Lanark in 1959, winning by 700 votes after she arranged postal votes for displaced miners. She held the seat until 1983. Thereafter she sat for Clydesdale until 1987.She held ministerial office as joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1964 to 1966, Minister of State, Commonwealth Office (1966–1967), Minister of Social Security (1967–68), Paymaster-General (with a seat in the Cabinet) from 1968 to 1969, and as Minister of Overseas Development from 1969 to 1970, 1974 to 1975 (when she resigned) and 1977 to 1979. In so doing, she became the fifth woman to have been included in a government cabinet in the history of Britain. She was also the first female Paymaster-General in Britain.In opposition, Hart was frontbench spokesman on overseas aid from 1970 to 1974 and 1979 to 1980. Her views were often controversial and in 1972 she was mailed a bomb over her controversial work with the Labour Party's Southern African Liberation Fund. In 1974, when Labour returned to power, Hart was nearly passed over for a ministerial post due to her and her husband's connections to communism. Prime Minister Harold Wilson eventually decided to appoint her as Minister of Overseas Development, but she was never again appointed to Cabinet due to security concerns.A trained sociologist, Hart frequently spoke and wrote on international development. She wrote several books, including Aid and Liberation: A Socialist Study of Aid Politics, which she published in 1973. In 1979, Hart developed a plan to redistribute British aid to prioritise the poorest countries, but Wilson disagreed with her approach, as it conflicted with diplomatic and trade priorities. He attempted to demote her to a post in the Department for Transport; Hart resigned in protest.She was Co-Chairman of the Women's National Commission (appointed by the government) from 1969 to 1970. Within the Labour Party she was a member of the National Executive Committee from 1969 to 1983, serving as Vice-Chairman in 1980–81, and as Chairman in 1981–82. She was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1967, and appointed a DBE in 1979.On 8 February 1988, she was created a life peer, as Baroness Hart of South Lanark, of Lanark in the County of Lanark.

Personal life


She met her husband, Dr Anthony Bernard Hart (always known as Tony), at an Association of Scientific Workers meeting. They married in 1946 and had two sons. He was also politically active, but when they were both selected as candidates for the Labour party in 1959, he withdrew his candidacy to support her campaign.The family relocated to London in 1961 to allow Hart more family time. When Hart was appointed Minister of State for Commonwealth Affairs in 1966, her mother-in-law moved in to help with the children.According to her son, Hart was a functional alcoholic and smoked 60 cigarettes a day.

Death


She died of bone cancer at the Queen Mary's Hospital, Roehampton, London, in 1991, aged 67.

Titles and honours


Miss Judith Ridehalgh (1936–1946)

Mrs Judith Hart (1946–1959)

Judith Hart MP (1959–1967)

The Rt. Hon. Judith Hart MP (1967–1979)

The Rt. Hon. Dame Judith Hart DBE MP (1979–1988)

The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Hart of South Lanark DBE PC (1988–1991)

Sources


Sutherland, Duncan (May 2008). "Hart, Judith, Baroness Hart of South Lanark (1924–1991)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/49767. Retrieved 6 September 2009. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links


Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Judith Hart

News about Judith Hart


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