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John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen photograph

John, Count Palatine Of Gelnhausen

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Date of birth May 24,1698
Zodiac sign Gemini
Born Gelnhausen
Germany
DiedMannheim
Germany
Grandchildren Duke Pius August in Bavaria
Duchess Maria Elisabeth in Bavaria
Children Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria
Johann Carl Ludwig von Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
Current partnerLluïsa de Salm-Dhaun
Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun
ParentsJohn Charles, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen
Esther Maria von Witzleben
Date of Reg.
Date of Upd.
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John, Count Palatine Of Gelnhausen Life story


John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen.

John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen (24 May 1698 in Gelnhausen – 10 February 1780 in Mannheim) was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen.

Life


John was the younger son of the Duke and Count Palatine John Charles of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen (1638-1704) from his second marriage with Esther Maria (1665-1725), a daughter of Baron George Frederick of Witzleben-Elgersburg.

He was a Feldzeugmeister in the army of the Electoral Palatinate and commander of all troops and knights of the Palatinate Order of St. Hubert. John was also a governor of Palatine Duchy of Jülich and commander of the fortress of Jülich. He mainly lived in Mannheim. After the death of his brother Frederick Bernard in 1739, he succeeded as Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen.

Marriage and issue


Johann married in 1743 in Dhaun with Sophie Charlotte (1719-1770), a daughter of the Wild- and Rhinegrave Charles of Salm-Dhaun. Sophie Charlotte was the granddaughter of two of Johann's first cousins, making the couple first cousins twice removed in descent from Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler. They had the following children:

Charles John Louis (1745-1789)

Louise (1748-1829)married Count Henry XXX of Reuss-Gera (1727-1802)Johanna Sophie (1751-1752)

William (1752-1837), Duke in Bavariamarried in 1780 Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1753-1824)Friederike (1753-1753)

Sophia (1757-1760)

Christian (1760-1761)

John (1766-1768)

Ancestors


References


Johann Samuel Ersch: Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste: in alphabetischer Folge, section 2: H–N, part 21: Johann (Infant von Castilien) - Johann-Boniten, p. 189

Maximilian V. Sattler: Lehrbuch der bayerischen Geschichte, Lindauer, 1868, p. 412

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