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Jean-Baptiste De La Salle

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Gender Male
Death303 years ago
Date of birth April 30,1651
Zodiac sign Taurus
Born Reims
France
Date of died April 7,1719
DiedRouen
France
Full name Jean-Baptiste de La Salle
Parents Nicolle Moët de Brouillet
Louis de la Salle
Job Priest
Education College of Sorbonne
FeastChurch: April 7; May 15
Canon Saint Peter's Basilica
Pope Leo XIII

Les règles de la bienséance et de la civilité chrétienne
Les règles de la bienséance et de la civilité chrétienne
The Conduct of the Christian Schools
Meditations1266355
John Baptist de la Salle: The Spirituality of Christian Education
Explanation of the Method of Interior Prayer
Rule and Foundational Documents
The letters of John Baptist de La Salle
Religious Instructions and Exercises of Piety for the Christian Schools
Duty of a Christian Towards God: Being an Enlarged and Improved Version of the Original Treatise
A New Treatise of the Duties of a Christian Towards God: Being an Improved Version of the Original Treatise
Duty of a Christian towards God
The Duties of a Christian to God
Meditations1266355
Les règles de la bienséance et de la civilité chrétienne
Rule and Foundational Documents
A New Treatise on the Duty of a Christian Towards God: Being an Enlarged and Improved Version of the Original Treatise
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Date of Upd.
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Jean-Baptiste De La Salle Life story


Jean-Baptiste de La Salle was a French priest, educational reformer, and founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools. He is a saint of the Catholic Church and the patron saint for teachers of youth. He is referred to both as La Salle and as De La Salle.

Jean-Baptiste de La Salle () (French pronunciation: ​[lasal]; April 30, 1651 – April 7, 1719) was a French priest, educational reformer, and founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools. He is a saint of the Catholic Church and the patron saint for teachers of youth. He is referred to both as La Salle and as De La Salle.

La Salle dedicated much of his life to the education of poor children in France; in doing so, he started many lasting educational practices.

Background


La Salle was born to a wealthy family in Reims, France, on April 30, in 1651. He was the eldest child of Louis de La Salle and Nicolle Moet de Brouillet. Nicolle's family was a noble one and ran a successful winery business and she was a relative of Claude Moët, founder of Moët & Chandon.La Salle was tonsured at age eleven on March 11, 1662, in an official ceremony that marked a boy's intention, and his parents offer of their young sons, to the service of God. He was named canon of Reims Cathedral when he was sixteen, and at seventeen received minor orders. He was sent to the College des Bons Enfants, where he pursued higher studies and, on July 10, 1669, he took the degree of Master of Arts. When De La Salle had completed his classical, literary, and philosophical courses, he was sent to Paris to enter the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice on October 18, 1670. His mother died on July 19, 1671, and on April 9, 1672, his father died. This circumstance obliged him to leave Saint-Sulpice on April 19, 1672. He was now twenty-one, the head of the family, and as such had the responsibility of educating his four brothers and two sisters. In 1672 he received the minor order of subdeacon, was ordained a deacon in 1676, and he then finally completed his theological studies and was ordained to the priesthood at the age of 26 on April 9, 1678. Two years later he received a doctorate in theology.

Sisters of the Child Jesus


The Sisters of the Child Jesus were a new religious congregation whose work was the care of the sick and education of poor girls. The young priest had helped them in becoming established, and then served as their chaplain and confessor. It was through his work with the Sisters that in 1679 he met Adrian Nyel. With De La Salle's help, a school was soon opened. Shortly thereafter, a wealthy woman in Reims told Nyel that she also would endow a school, but only if La Salle would help. What began as an effort to help Adrian Nyel establish a school for the poor in La Salle's home town gradually became his life's work.

Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools


At that time, most children had little hope for social and economic advancement. Moved by the plight of the poor who seemed so "far from salvation" either in this world or the next, he determined to put his own talents and advanced education at the service of the children "often left to themselves and badly brought up".La Salle knew that the teachers in Reims were struggling, lacking leadership, purpose, and training, and he found himself taking increasingly deliberate steps to help this small group of men with their work. First, in 1680, he invited them to take their meals in his home, as much to teach them table manners as to inspire and instruct them in their work. This crossing of social boundaries was one that his relatives found difficult to bear. In 1681, De La Salle realized that he would have to take a further step – he brought the teachers into his own home to live with him. De La Salle's relatives were deeply disturbed, his social class was scandalized. When, a year later, his family home was lost at auction because of a family lawsuit, De La Salle rented a house into which he and the handful of teachers moved.La Salle decided to resign his canonry to devote his full attention to the establishment of schools and the training of teachers. He had inherited a considerable fortune, and this might have been used to further his aims, but on the advice of a Father Barre of Paris, he sold what he had and sent the money to the poor of the province of Champagne, where a famine was causing great hardship.La Salle thereby began a new religious institute, the first one with no priests, at all, among its members: the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, also known as the De La Salle Brothers (in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, Australasia, Mexico, and Asia) or, most commonly in the United States, the Christian Brothers. (They are sometimes confused with a different congregation of the same name founded by Edmund Ignatius Rice in Ireland, who are known in the U.S. as the Irish Christian Brothers.)

One decision led to another until La Salle found himself doing something that he had never anticipated. La Salle wrote:I had imagined that the care which I assumed of the schools and the masters would amount only to a marginal involvement committing me to no more than providing for the subsistence of the masters and assuring that they acquitted themselves of their tasks with piety and devotion ... Indeed, if I had ever thought that the care I was taking of the schoolmasters out of pure charity would ever have made it my duty to live with them, I would have dropped the whole project. ... God, who guides all things with wisdom and serenity, whose way it is not to force the inclinations of persons, willed to commit me entirely to the development of the schools. He did this in an imperceptible way and over a long period of time so that one commitment led to another in a way that I did not foresee in the beginning.

La Salle's enterprise met opposition from the ecclesiastical authorities who resisted the creation of a new form of religious life, a community of consecrated laymen to conduct free schools "together and by association". The educational establishment resented his innovative methods. Nevertheless, La Salle and his small group of free teachers set up the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools which is, according to the La Salle Web site, entirely dedicated to the Christian education of the "children of artisans and the poor", in a life close to that of the Catholic religious.In 1685, La Salle founded what is generally considered the first normal school — that is, a school whose purpose is to train teachers — in Reims, France.Worn out by austerities and exhausting labors, La Salle died at Saint Yon, near Rouen, early in 1719 on Good Friday, only three weeks before his 68th birthday.

Veneration


Pope Leo XIII canonized La Salle on May 24, 1900 and Pope Pius X inserted his feast in the General Roman Calendar in 1904 for celebration on 15 May. Because of his life and inspirational writings, Pope Pius XII proclaimed him Patron Saint of All Teachers of Youth on May 15, 1950. In the 1969 revision of the Church calendar, Pope Paul VI moved his feast day to April 7, the day of his death or "birth to heaven", his dies natalis.

Legacy


La Salle was a pioneer in programs for training lay teachers. Of his writings on education, Matthew Arnold remarked: "Later works on the same subject have little improved the precepts, while they entirely lack the unction." His educational innovations include Sunday courses for working young men, one of the first institutions in France for the care of delinquents, technical schools, and secondary schools for modern languages, arts, and sciences. The LaSalle University says that his writings influenced educational practice, school management, and teacher preparation for more than 300 years.The Lasallian schools form a 300-year-old network following La Salle's principles. Many of the schools are named after La Salle, and several streets, often near a Lasallian School, are named after him.

In 2021 the International Lasallian Mission Web site stated that the Lasallian order consists of about 3,000 Brothers, who help in running over 1,100 education centers in 80 countries with more than a million students, together with 90,000 teachers and lay associates.Asteroid 3002 Delasalle was discovered in 1982 and was named after De La Salle.

See also


Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools

Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, patron saint archive

References


Further reading


Salm, Luke (1996). The work is yours : the life of Saint John Baptist de La Salle (2nd ed.). Christian Brothers Publications. ISBN 978-1884904080.

Van Grieken, George (1999). Touching the hearts of students : characteristics of Lasallian schools. Christian Brothers Publications. ISBN 9781884904189.

Koch, Carl; Calligan, Jeffrey; Gros, Jeffrey (2004). John Baptist de La Salle : the spirituality of Christian education. Paulist Press. ISBN 978-0809141623.

Calcutt, Alfred (1994). De La Salle : a city saint and the liberation of the poor through education : a figure for our times from the age of Louis XIV. De La Salle. ISBN 978-0952139805.

External links


Virtual Pilgrimage of De La Salle's Life official website

Lasallian Resource Center - Website portal

De La Salle Christian Brothers worldwide official website

The Vocation of the Brothers United States & Canada

Complete works of St John Baptist de La Salle PDF format

Founder Statue in St Peter's Basilica

News about Jean-Baptiste De La Salle


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Jean-Baptiste de La Salle Photos

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