Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008. In between his presidential terms he was also the Prime Minister of Russia under his close associate Dmitry Medvedev.
As Turkey, hundreds of arrests for Social Media posts, and the Russians threatened with prison for nothing More Than fake news, there are fears that democracy is at risk in Poland and it was Swept Away in Hungary.
Bbc correspondents assess whether coronavirus will takeover as a cover for a power.Hungary: the 'suicide' - in Parliament, Orban granted extraordinary powers
First of its Fidesz Government declared a state of danger, at 11. March, gain valuable time to prepare for the pandemic. But then, with its majority in Parliament to extend for an indefinite period of time, so that the Government can now rule by decree for as long as necessary and can decide for themselves when the danger is over.
critics speak of an end to democracy in Hungary, but the Minister of justice emphasized, the "Authorization Act" runs until The End of the rescue and it was to be both necessary and proportionate.Mr Orban, published in the Parliament before the vote granting the Government special powers to
to decide, As it is the exclusive power of the Government , if it is to end The State of the danger, he says Parliament has actually "suicide" by the waiver of the right of control over the Government .
The ruling party needs to maintain its two-thirds majority in Parliament, the appointment of a new Supreme court President, at The End of the year 2020. Since the Lord would be Orban makes you almost untouchable.Turkey: "Moment of opportunity" for Erdogan
"is It such a Central system, there is no need to tear another power," says Emma Sinclair-Webb, Turkey-Director for Human Rights Watch.
But, she says, it's an opportunist's attempt to "test the water" with the proposals on strengthening of control on Social Media companies. They were buried deep in a bill dealing mainly with economic measures to mitigate the impact of The Virus .
The goal, she says, was a broad "strong-arm Social Media platforms to state control and censorship". The Draft amendments were suddenly dropped, but Ms Sinclair-Webb expected that they will make their comeback in The Future .Police handed out fines people injured, curfews during the Lockdown
Few doctors have dared to speak. "Hide the facts, and the creation of a monopoly of information, unfortunately, The Way This Country is governed," says Ali Cerkezoglu, the Turkish chamber of physicians. "Doctors, nurses and health workers have used it in The Past 20 years. "
lawyer Hurrem Sonmez ensure the outbreak is a moment of opportunity for President Erdogan. "The society and the opposition are weaker, because of the pandemic," says Ms. Sonmez, cases who has represented the defendant in free speech.Russia : pandemic frustrated Putin's ambitions
Back in January, the Kremlin thought it had all worked out.
It would be to rewrite The Russian Constitution, especially to Vladimir Putin , for two more terms. Then it would be a triumphant "national voice" on 22. April for the Russians, who back The Changes . The President 's critics called him a "constitutional coup", but it seemed to be a done deal.
Covid-19, though, everything has been kept. President Putin has the deferment of the vote: After All , how can you call the people to come and vote in The Middle of a pandemic? The Kremlin's problem now is that, if the ballot is not held, for approval of a new Constitution may well be The Last thing on The Russian mind.
Coronavirus-Lockdown is set to decimate the economy here with the predictions of the two-year-long recession and millions of jobs.
the Russians tend to blame the local officials and bureaucrats, not the Central authority, for their everyday problems. But history shows that if people are here to experience acute personal economic pain, you turn your wrath on your country, the leader. Such a pain now seems inevitable.
that may explain why the Kremlin leader recently delegated powers to the regional governors to combat coronavirus: now you take up the responsibility.
President Putin supporters, including state media, will argue that in a national crisis, Russia is a strong, stable leadership requires More Than Ever - in other words: that the Putin-should era be extended. For Kremlin critics, you already have The Authorities accused the pandemic to tighten control.
A new law fast-tracked through the Parliament imposed sentenced to harsh penalties for people who spread, what is considered to be incorrect information about coronavirus: fines of the equivalent of $25,000 or up to five years in prison. There are concerns about surveillance systems being rolled out to enforce the quarantine.Government Is risking the life to hold on to power?
Poland's ruling party is accused of recklessly endanger lives by presidential elections during the pandemic May accelerate. President Andrzej Duda , to ally a Government that has seen its poll numbers rise, while the pandemic and is the clear favorite.
argued The ruling law and Justice Party , is a constitutional right, a legal obligation, a choice and a post-only the voice is the safest solution under blocking.Mr Duda addressed Pole earlier this month on The Anniversary of a plane crash of President Lech Kaczynski died
This is his preferred option, but it is also the accompaniment to allow a proposal for an amendment to The Constitution , The President of Duda serve two more years, as long as he's not up for re-election.
The opposition says the election for the risks to voters, postal workers, and the choice of the employees. The EU and Poland's own Electoral Commission have also raised concerns about the holding of the vote.
There is a wait for a legal way, the opposition insists, he declared a state of Natural Disaster , bans elections while the Extraordinary Measures are in force, and for 90 Days thereafter. The Government says to declare Extraordinary Measures , it would be liable for crippling compensation claims.
If elections go ahead in May, you would be fair, Human Rights groups say, because a candidate's last election, while The President of the widespread reporting in the media to help the Government and the visit of the Health Care system still enjoys.
If the elections were postponed in Poland may well be in the midst of a recession, and Mr Duda, that the chances are reduced of a re-election was essential. An opposition candidate were elected, the new President could veto significantly the ability of the Government to interfere in the enforcement of your program for The Next three and a half years.
"This is a textbook example of How To win, to stay the biggest benefit from The Crisis , and The Power ," Malgorzata Szuleka, a lawyer for the Helsinski Foundation for Human Rights in Warsaw told The Bbc .