Il gatto is a 1977 Italian giallo-comedy film directed by Luigi Comencini. For this film Mariangela Melato was awarded with a David di Donatello for Best Actress.
Why is it so controversial - and why does it still happen in the US?Why do people declaw their Cats ?
The Most frequent type of declawing is called an onychectomy - it involves cutting the bones the claws grow from with a scalpel or laser.
Critics compare this to cutting off someone's toes or fingers at their top joint, and say declawing can affect a Cat 's balance.
There are some cases where the surgery is medically necessary, "if there's a bad infection in the nail bed, or a tumour," says Dr Sarah Endersby, veterinary development manager at International Cat Care, a charity.
By contrast, "declawing was always rare" in the UK, even before it was outlawed in 2006, says Prof Danielle Gunn-Moore, a vet and chair of feline medicine at the University of Edinburgh.
"It was something we didn't get taught at university. It became banned as more Americans came to the UK with declawed Cats . "Why do the UK and US have such different Cat cultures? The UK's most famous outdoor Cat ? Larry - who shares a home with whoever is Prime Minister
Surveys suggest that only about, and that most owners in Europe also. However, the proportion of indoor Cats is thought to be much higher in the US.
It's something that Judd Birdsall, a Cat -lover and former US diplomat who now lives in the UK, noticed.
Experts believe Americans are more likely to keep Cats indoors because many live in high-rise buildings in The City . Meanwhile, in rural places in the US, there are more likely to be predators such as coyotes and wolves.
However, there is also a cultural difference, says Mr Birdsall.
"For Americans, it's a matter of freedom and convenience - The Right to the freedom to make decisions in terms of how You raise your Cat , and convenience, because once You remove the claws, You don't ever have to worry About You or the furniture getting scratched. "Cats better off? Indoor Cats tend To Live longer - But need a suitable environment
Sources: Prof Gunn-Moore, Steve Dale, International Cat CareWhy is declawing so controversial?
Many experts say studies suggest that declawed Cats are more likely to have health problems, such as back pain, or behavioural problems, such as aggression.
"Some studies suggest Cats who have been declawed have a higher percentage of cortisol [the stress hormone], which is often associated with pain," says Steve Dale, an animal behaviour consultant and pet journalist in Chicago.
Meanwhile, a study that scanned declawed Cat paws found that "very few people actually do it properly - the procedure tends to leave bone fragments," says Prof Gunn-Moore, adding that this could leave Cats stepping on tiny fragments of bone When they walk.
Dr Endersby says that Cats can continue to feel pain after the declawing procedure. "Part of its weight is borne on its toes - so after the declawing process their gait changes as they put their weight through their paws. "
However, Dr Drew Weigner, a vet in Atlanta who works on a foundation that funds feline medical research, cautions that "behavioural studies are notoriously difficult to accomplish successfully".
Many vets, he argues, simply consider the procedure unethical now because it's an unnecessary procedure.Are there situations where declawing should be permitted?
, if the owner would otherwise decide to abandon their Cat .
In the UK, Prof Gunn-Moore says she has only ever declawed two Cats , When an elderly client was not allowed into her care home with her Cats unless she could guarantee they would not scratch the furniture.
As the care home wouldn't accept any other options, and as The Cats were too shy to be re-homed, Prof Gunn-Moore contacted The Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, who gave her permission to perform the procedure in this instance.
"A lot of people can't be bothered to put the effort into training their Cats - or don't want a scratching post in their flat.Cats Like using long, wooden objects as scratching posts
: "When My Own husband was in chemotherapy and his immune system was compromised, I declawed my Cat . I love her dearly, But I wasn't going to take the chance that he might get an infection if she scratched him. "
However, the latest advice from the Centers for Disease Control, with "Rough Play " avoided.Are things changing in the US?
"Twenty years ago it was considered something You do - You get a Cat , You declaw them," says Dr Weigner. However, he argues that in recent years declawing has become "an increasingly controversial procedure. . we stopped declawing Cats at our practice a long time ago. "
Mr Dale says that, based on his personal experience, younger vets seem to be more supportive of a ban, especially as more recent research appears to provide evidence against declawing.
Mr Birdsall grew up in the US with pet Cats that were declawed - But says that after living in the UK, he has discovered alternatives to declawing, such as trimming their claws. "Now I'm much more uncomfortable with the procedure, and don't see the need for it".
In the US, "things are generally trending in an anti-declawing direction. . although it's not a surprise that The One state moving towards banning The Practice is a liberal blue state, and cities banning it are typically viewed as left-leaning," he adds.Cat not to scratch the furniture?
It's normal for Cats to scratch,
It also helps them keep their nails sharp, and stretches their back muscles.
"We also need to think about location - Cats need the posts at certain places, often prominent ones, because that's where they mark their territory. "