Diana Russell analyses and compares the prevalence and causes of three forms of sexual exploitation -- rape, child sexual abuse, and sexual harassment in the workplace. . . .
But many will Go Home financially worse off than when they arrived.
Anna (not her real name) has worked as a model since she was 17, appearing on The Catwalk for Prada, Mulberry, Comme des Garcons and many others.
But after three years, she still hasn't managed to pay off all the £10,000 she owes to her modelling agencies.Models have to pay their agencies back for the travel fees and other upfront expenses
Later she was flown to London for a casting, and that cost was also added to her account, including accommodation and living expenses. The amount she owed mounted.
"They would ask me if I wanted a driver, without being clear that this is very expensive, and that I have to pay for it," she says.Models don't like to talk about how much money they earn
"It used to be that sexual violence was taboo," she says.
"Now everyone is shouting on every corner about Sexual Exploitation , but no-one wants to talk about money. Everyone is shutting their mouths about it. "
Because success in the industry is partly measured by the amount you earn, working Models rarely want to speak out about the problem.
But behind the scenes, Ms Ozhiganova says Model Law is helping Models better understand their finances.
"The lack of information is the main problem" she says. "The Models don't know what they are supposed to receive. "
While Models from all countries can get into financial difficulties, those from poorer nations can be more vulnerable.
"It's like any worker who comes from abroad to a more prosperous economy," says Ms Ozhiganova.
Some jobs in magazines, for example, are unpaid. Otherwise fees can range from £50 A Day , to £1,000 or more for taking part in a show during a Fashion Week or tens of thousands for featuring in A Brand 's campaign.The British Fashion Models Association, says that if a model leaves the industry her or his Debt is simply written off
He says agencies are obliged to give Models monthly itemised bills listing the charges to their accounts, but he's not sure they always get read.
Most successful Models soon pay off the initial investment and start earning on their own account, he says.
She says that advancing and recouping costs is the "nature of The Business ".Esther Kinnear-Derungs (right) says the industry has a duty to better educate Models about their finances
The problem is The Girls are seen as "disposable" by many agencies, she says, and it's an open secret that at fashion weeks some big agencies take the approach that hundreds of girls can be "thrown against The Wall to see what sticks".
She says it's often girls from Eastern Europe who are most vulnerable.
"We believe we have a responsibility to educate the model from Day One , whether she was scouted in Siberia, Africa or London," says Ms Kinnear-Derungs.Global Trade
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Candice (also not her real name), is a French model of east African descent. She says she had no idea when she started out that she was being charged for travel and expenses.
"When you get your first job, that's how you realise it wasn't free.
"You go and ask about your pay and they say, 'You don't have money because you're in Debt . ' Then you understand," she says.
She says even if agencies are ultimately carrying the financial risk, there's a psychological burden on the Models .
"Maybe 40%, maybe more, Go Home with zero. That is why it is so stressful. "