Martin McGuinness photograph

Martin McGuinness

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Gender Male
Death5 years ago
Date of birth May 23,1950
Zodiac sign Gemini
Born Londonderry
United Kingdom
Date of died March 21,2017
DiedAltnagelvin Area Hospital
BuriedDerry City Cemetery, Londonderry, United Kingdom
SpouseBernadette Canning
Siblings Paul McGuinness
Tom McGuinness
Height 183 (cm)
Full nameJames Martin Pacelli McGuinness
ChildrenFionnuala McGuinness
Date of Reg.
Date of Upd.
ID406984
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Martin McGuinness Life story


James Martin Pacelli McGuinness was an Irish republican Sinn Féin politician and a leader within the Provisional Irish Republican Army during The Troubles. McGuinness was the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland from May 2007 to January 2017.

Nick Robinson: The 'tap tap' amid the silence of Westminster Hall

Nick Robinson: The 'tap tap' amid the silence of Westminster Hall
Sep 15,2022 1:20 pm

... On other occasions she used them to reach out, as she did on her historic visit to Ireland in which she met with Martin Mcguinness, the former IRA leader - the organisation which had murdered her cousin Lord Louis Mountbatten...

The Queen and Martin McGuinness' four-second handshake

The Queen and Martin McGuinness' four-second handshake
Sep 10,2022 7:11 am

... Earlier the eyes of the world focused on an historic handshake with Martin Mcguinness at Belfast s Lyric theatre...

Obituary: Queen Elizabeth II

Obituary: Queen Elizabeth II
Sep 8,2022 2:31 pm

... ReferendumA year later, on a visit to Northern Ireland as part of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations, she shook hands with the former IRA commander Martin Mcguinness...

NI election results 2022: Who is Sinn Féin's Michelle O'Neill?

NI election results 2022: Who is Sinn Féin's Michelle O'Neill?
May 7,2022 9:30 pm

... It brought her into direct contact with Martin Mcguinness, who at that time was running for election in the Mid Ulster constituency...

NI election results 2022: Sinn Féin's rise from IRA political wing

NI election results 2022: Sinn Féin's rise from IRA political wing
May 7,2022 4:45 pm

... If you asked Gerry Adams or Martin Mcguinness to denounce an IRA bombing or shooting, they were likely to tell you they didn t engage in " the politics of condemnation"...

Election 2022: Is Northern Ireland headed for a seismic shift?

Election 2022: Is Northern Ireland headed for a seismic shift?
May 3,2022 1:40 pm

... Sinn Féin s current leader Michelle O Neill, unlike her predecessor Martin Mcguinness, does not have an IRA past, and she represents the newer face of the party...

NI election 2022: Sinn Féin steers clear of Irish unity focus in campaign

NI election 2022: Sinn Féin steers clear of Irish unity focus in campaign
Apr 26,2022 9:00 am

...Within minutes of taking up his assembly seat for the first time in 1998, Sinn Féin s Martin Mcguinness pointed his finger at leader Ian Paisley and declared: " We ve arrived...

Abortion: NI-politicians to areas bid to put a stop, the changes in the law, fails

Abortion: NI-politicians  to areas bid to put a stop, the changes in the law, fails
Feb 16,2020 7:21 am

... Rumbustious exchange via the renewable heat scandal, a police RAID on the Sinn Féin office, the sight of the armed loyalist Michael stone pinched in the doors by the brave security staff foiled his attempt to kill Gerry Adams and Martin Mcguinness...

NI election results 2022: Sinn Féin's rise from IRA political wing

Feb 16,2020 6:18 am

In the late 1980s, when I first arrived in Belfast as a young reporter, Sinn Féin were routinely described on The Bbc airwaves as " the political wing of The Ira ".

Sinn Féin wasn't coy About its relationship with The Ira .

If you asked Gerry Adams or Martin Mcguinness to denounce an IRA bombing or shooting, they were likely to tell you they didn't engage in " the politics of condemnation".

The Sinn Féin newspaper An Phoblacht (Republican News) featured a column entitled War News which proudly detailed the latest IRA ambushes on what it described as British " crown forces".

The Party office on The Falls Road in west Belfast was emblazoned with an iconic mural of Bobby Sands .

, before dying on hunger strike inside The Maze Long Kesh prison.

If you had told me Back Then that, 41 years to The Day that Bobby Sands died, the voters would be elevating Sinn Féin to The Top spot as Northern Ireland 's biggest party, I would have been sceptical, to say the least.

A former Northern Ireland Secretary, Douglas Hurd , once derided Gerry Adams as " Mr 10%" - a sobriquet designed to emphasise that Adams only spoke for a minority of nationalists.

Now Michelle O'Neill is " Ms 29%" - in possession of a quarter of A Million first preference votes.

A clear lead over the DUP in Stormont seats, and, potentially, The Keys to the Stormont First Minister 's office.

How did this transformation happen?

In the 1980s, Bobby Sands pioneered the foray into electoral politics, but in the Irish Republican " ballot box and Armalite rifle" dual strategy, the Armalite remained on top.

But in the 1990s, Gerry Adams persuaded the reluctant militarists in Republican ranks that turning The Ira 's violence off could achieve more in their quest for Irish unity.

The eventual success of Adams' strategy was undoubtedly hastened by the willingness of the more moderate nationalist SDLP leader John Hume to " sacrifice his party for his country".

Hume shared his immense influence and access in the USA and Dublin with Adams, in the interest of securing peace. The paramilitary ceasefires and followed.

Buoyed up by huge domestic and international attention, Gerry Adams and Martin Mcguinness transformed their movement into a political force which, in The 2000S , overtook the SDLP as the biggest nationalist party, before 20 years later supplanting the DUP as the biggest party overall.

It is no mean achievement and to pull it off Sinn Féin has drawn on the kind of discipline and organisation which it developed during, a keen grasp of the issues on the mind of the growing nationalist community (many too young to have first-hand memories of The Bad old days) and A War chest full of cash.

The Party is generally left of centre and populist in its approach and has proved able to discern changing attitudes, shifting its ground on issues as diverse as women's rights, the EU or diplomatic relations with Russia.

Although The Party doesn't hide its commitment to a united Ireland, it won its latest mandate on the back of a deliberately low-key campaign with a soft focus, featuring Michelle O'Neill working out in The Gym and promising she would be " a First Minister for all".

Putting one over on the DUP and unionism might have been a large part of The Appeal for nationalist voters, but Sinn Féin didn't have to say it out loud.

The continuing presence of veteran IRA figures within The Party 's Stormont ranks emphasises that, while much has changed, The Party 's primary motivation remains the same.

What would have surprised my 1980s self even More Than Sinn Féin's current dominance at Stormont is The Situation in Dublin, where The Party , led by Mary Lou McDonald, is now consistently topping the polls.

It's not inconceivable to imagine a Sinn Féin Stormont First Minister meeting a Sinn Féin taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister ) sometime in 2025, when The Next Irish election is due.

Sinn Fein 's goal of uniting Ireland north and south remains some way off.

The current balance at Stormont is roughly 40% nationalist 40% unionist with 20% preferring to steer clear of traditional green orange politics.

Moreover, the latest opinion polls still point to majority support for staying in the UK.

But Sinn Féin's ascendancy is an important, symbolic, moment and a remarkable example of a movement exchanging The Gun for the ballot box And Then exceeding all expectations.

Bobby Sands famously said that Irish republicans' revenge on their enemies would eventually be the " laughter of our children" and 41 years on republicans definitely have something to smile About .



Source of news: bbc.com

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