M. Night Shyamalan brings together the narratives of two of his standout originals—2000's Unbreakable, from Touchstone, and 2016's Split, from Universal—in one explosive, all-new comic-book thriller: Glass. From Unbreakable, Bruce Willis returns as David Dunn as does Samuel L. Jackson as Elijah Price, known also by his pseudonym Mr. Glass. Joining from Split are James McAvoy, reprising his role as Kevin Wendell Crumb and the multiple identities who reside within, and Anya Taylor-Joy as Casey Cooke, the only captive to survive an encounter with The Beast. Following the conclusion of Split, Glass finds Dunn pursuing Crumb's superhuman figure of The Beast in a series of escalating encounters, while the shadowy presence of Price emerges as an orchestrator who holds secrets critical to both men.
Making spacecraft is not a job in which you can afford to be slapdash.
At Lockheed Martin , for example, it used to take a technician two painstaking days to measure 309 locations for certain fasteners on a particular curved panel.
What changed? The technician started wearing glasses.
It looks like a bulky set of safety goggles. And it layers digital information over The Real world. In this case, it scans the curved panel, makes its calculations, and shows the technician exactly where each fastener should go.Microsoft launched its Hololens Augmented Reality headset in 2016
such as the and Google Glass .
, their prospects seemed quite Different . They were seen as a consumer device, something that would let us check Instagram and take videos without the hassle of reaching for our phones.Some early Google Glass wearers were mocked
, so reinvented the glasses for the workplace. Many jobs, After All , involve frequent pauses to consult a screen that tells us what to do next.
With smart specs, we can see those instructions while we keep working. It saves a vital few seconds in getting information from internet to Brain .
highlights the inventions, ideas and innovations that helped create the economic world.
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A thousand years ago, information travelled rather more slowly.
In Cairo, in the 1010s, the Basra-born polymath Hasan Ibn al-Haytham wrote his masterwork, the Book of Optics, but it took two centuries for his insights to be translated beyond Arabic.The Father of modern optics"
Some earlier scholars, for example, had said The Act of seeing must involve Some kind of rays being emitted from The Eye . By careful experiment, Haytham proved them wrong: light comes into The Eyes .
Before Haytham, optical devices had been cumbersome: The Roman writer Seneca magnified text using a clear Glass bowl of water. But The Gradual spread of knowledge inspired new ideas. Some Time in the late 1200s came The World 's first pair of reading glasses.
Who made them is lost to history but they probably lived in northern Italy. Venice, in particular, was a hub of glassmaking at the Time - problematically so, as buildings in Venice were made of wood and the glassmakers' furnaces kept starting fires.
In 1291, The City 's authorities banished the entire trade to the neighbouring island of Murano. By 1301, "eyeglasses for reading" were popular enough to feature in the rulebook of The Guild of Venetian Crystal Workers.
But historians' biggest clue to The Origin of eyeglasses comes from a sermon in 1306 by one Friar Giordano da Pisa. The invention was now 20 years old, he told his congregation in Florence. As Alberto Manguel notes in A History of Reading, the friar declared glasses to be "one of The Most useful devices in The World ".Saint Augustine is pictured wearing glasses in this 1498 painting
As we age, it becomes harder to focus on close-up objects; middle-aged monks, scholars, notaries and merchants were simply out of luck. Friar Giordino was 50. One can imagine why he appreciated his spectacles so much.
But they were useful only to the small minority who could read. When the printing press came along, glasses reached a bigger market. The First specialist spectacle shop opened in Strasbourg in 1466.
Put concave and convex lenses together and you have the basic ingredients for a microscope or a telescope. Both inventions emerged from The Spectacle shops of the Netherlands around the year 1600, opening whole New Worlds to scientific study.
Nowadays we take glasses for granted - in the developed world, at least. A suggests about three-quarters of people in the UK wear glasses or contact lenses or have had surgery to correct their Vision . It's a similar story in and.
In less developed countries, however, the picture is very Different - and only recently did we get a clearer view of it.More things that made the modern economy:
Historically, The World Health Organization has collected data on only.
Many more can see well enough to muddle through daily life but would Still benefit from spectacles. But how many? decided to find out, one assumes not for entirely selfless reasons.
In 2012 came The Answer : That's an eye-popping figure but.
And many of Those People may have no idea glasses could help them.
In 2017, researchers tested The Vision of hundreds of tea-pickers aged 40 or over. They gave a simple $10 (£8. 20) pair of reading glasses to half of those who needed them. Then, they compared how much tea was picked by those who wore the glasses and those who didn't.
Those with the glasses averaged about 20% more tea. The older they were, the more their tea-picking improved. The tea-pickers are paid by how much tea they pick. Before the study, not one owned glasses. By the end, hardly any wanted to give them back.
How widely we can extrapolate from this study is hard to say:
Still , - and that's before you think about people's quality of life or children struggling at school.How many children's education is undermined by poor eyesight?
One randomised trial concluded.
And the need is growing. Presbyopia is a long-sightedness which comes with age; Researchers aren't sure why, though it may have to do with.
What would it take to correct The World 's Vision ? Clearly, more eye doctors would help - Greece , for example, has one ophthalmologist for roughly every 5,000 people; in India, it's one per 70,000; in Some African countries, it's one per a million.
But while serious eye problems demand skilled professionals, people whose needs are more easily fixable could be reached by other workers.
In Rwanda, a charity trained nurses to do sight checks;Vision for a Nation trained 2,700 Rwandan nurses who carried out nearly a million eye tests
Another study suggests they could.
One wonders what Friar Giordano would make of a world in which we build spacecraft in Augmented Reality but haven't yet helped a couple of billion people fix their fuzzy views of actual reality. He'd probably tell us where to focus.
The author writes the Financial Times's Undercover Economist column. is broadcast on the BBC World Service. You can find and or