Donald Franciszek Tusk is a Polish politician who has been the President of the European Council since 2014. He served as Prime Minister of Poland from 2007 to 2014 and was a co-founder and chairman of the Civic Platform political party.
The PM after MPs rejected his plan to fast-track it through Parliament.
Now EU leaders will consider whether to grant a delay to the 31 October Brexit deadline and what length it should be.
Mr Johnson was forced by law to send a letter the EU requesting a three-month extension But he insists the UK will still leave at the end of October.
His opposite number, Labour's Richard Burgon , told BBC Radio 4 's Today programme his party would agree to a general Election if the EU granted an extension because it meant a no-Deal Brexit would certainly be "off the table".
There is also the option of a further referendum, although it would require a Brexit delay and, most likely, a change of government first.
The SNP has indicated it wants an extension to allow for a general Election , while the Liberal Democrats say the PM needs to get an extension to allow a further referendum. Both parties would rather the UK revoked Article 50 and stopped the Brexit process.
They had been due to debate it on Wednesday and Thursday, But after voting against that timetable, they will instead discuss the contents of The Queen 's Speech, which sets Out the government's plans for the next session of Parliament.
There is a tension in the Tory party Today - Some would rather try again to get The Bill through. Those MPs were cock-a-hoop at the fact they had managed to get 19 Labour MPs to cross the threshold to potentially back this kind of Brexit Deal - even though that is a million Miles Away from it getting Safe Passage through Parliament.Tuesday ?
Following Tuesday 's votes, Mr Corbyn said his party was prepared to work with the government to agree "a reasonable timetable" to enable The Commons to debate and scrutinise the Brexit legislation properly.
EU Council President Donald Tusk said he would recommend European leaders backed an extension to the Brexit deadline, though he did not say what length it should be. He said he would "propose a written procedure", thus negating the need for another summit meeting.
If the EU accepts the UK request for a straightforward extension to 31 January 2020 then that becomes the new date of Brexit. If the EU proposes a date other than this, even a short "technical extension" of a few days, the Prime Minister must approve it unless a motion is put before MPs and they decide not to pass it.
Germany's Die Welt newspaper sums up EU thoughts on Brexit This Morning with the headline: "The only thing that is clear is that Brexit is not happening on 31 October. "
EU leaders must now agree on whether to grant the UK another Brexit extension and if so, how long for?
The EU's decision is expected by the end of the week, But you can expect a lot of EU grumbling beforehand. France's Europe minister was unsurprisingly (France has settled into role of "Brexit Bad Cop ") one of first to speak on the record Last Night .
She noted that time alone wouldn't solve the UK's Brexit conundrum and the EU would want to hear UK's justification for another extension - i. e. what will be done with the time?
EU leaders are fully aware the PM's hand was forced by Parliament to request a three-month extension. Brussels does not want to get embroiled in heated UK debate, so it seems most likely it will Say Yes to that rather than "impose" their own "EU extension".Election happen?
Under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act, the Prime Minister needs to have the backing of two thirds of MPs to hold a snap poll. This has been rejected twice by MPs.
Another route to an Election is a one-line bill, that requires only a simple majority.
That included attempts to allow 16 and 17-year-olds to vote - Something the government is likely to resist.
Mr Johnson could even call one in his own government, But Parliamentary rules state that if it passes, The Commons has 14 days to form an alternative administration, so the PM would run The Risk of being forced Out of Downing Street if opposition parties can unite around a different leader.
If an Election were to be triggered This Week , the earliest it could take place would be Thursday 28 November, as The Law requires 25 days between an Election being called in Parliament and polling day.
Many observers think a 5 or 12 December Election is more likely - But in general, parties tend to prefer polls in lighter, warmer months when the perceived wisdom is that campaigning is easier and voters are more likely to turn Out .