In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term crime does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition, though statutory definitions have been provided for certain purposes.
Rules that mean some victims of childhood sex abuse are denied compensation must be changed, MPs have told the Victoria Derbyshire programme.
Those with an unspent criminal conviction or victims deemed to have "consented" to abuse despite being a child, are among those denied payouts.
Victims also have to claim within two years of reporting abuse, described by MPs as an "unrealistic timeframe".
The Ministry of Justice has launched a review into the compensation system.
The guidance contains A Number of exemptions. These include victims who may have been groomed into performing sex acts online but not physically assaulted.
It also states that victims of child sexual abuse can be disqualified from the scheme on the basis that "consent 'in fact' is different from consent 'in law'. "
The Report from the cross-party group of MPs for adult survivors of sexual abuse, said many of the 400 survivors it consulted found applying to The Criminal Injuries and Compensation Authority (Cica) "traumatising and complicated".
"Too often, Cica acts as a second trial for the survivor, placing the onus on them to prove their case Once More ," it said. "This compounds a complicated, onerous process. "'We'll never forget what he did to us' "David" had not realised his Younger Brother was also abused until later in life
"David" and his Younger Brother were both sexually abused by their older half-sibling when they were children. His Younger Brother was awarded £11,000 in compensation, but David Was refused because of a decades-old conviction for conspiracy to commit robbery.
"He was like a bogeyman in your childish, nightmarish dreams.
"As I got older the abuse made me feel quite worthless and dirty. I didn't feel like normal kids did and in a way I tried to destroy myself as well. By Getting In trouble with The Police I felt a bit like vermin really, like people see rats.
"It would help, but in a way, More Than The Money , it would signify that the actual government are accepting that the way You 've turned Out - You 'll end up Getting In trouble with The Police , You 'll end up how a lot of people do, who've been abused. "
Ministry of Justice figures, released in response to a written Parliamentary question earlier this month, revealed how many victims have had an award withheld.
In 2018-19, of 4,972 resolved child sexual abuse cases, 111 victims were denied due to unspent convictions, while 52 people were denied because the Time Limit had been exceeded.
In 2017-18, of 5,619 cases, 140 were denied due to unspent convictions while it was withheld in 411 cases due to the Time Limit .
The average payment to victims in January this year was £13,130 for male victims and £12,758 for female victims.
The MPs say the government should publish a revised compensation scheme "without delay" including measures to:
An unspent criminal conviction is one that remains on someone's record, as they are considered still in the "rehabilitation period". For sentences of over four years, a conviction is never "spent".
Sarah Champion MP said it was a "scandal" the scheme had not yet been reformed.
"The whole scheme needs comprehensive reform so that victims and survivors are put at the centre of The Process because, right now, it is all about saving the government money not supporting people to rebuild their lives shattered by Crime . "
The Report also found seven in 10 survivors said they had not been given appropriate support when attending court as A Witness , and two Out of five had not been given the opportunity to give evidence remotely or behind a screen.
A Ministry of Justice spokesperson said it was "vital" that victims of child sexual abuse received every support possible to recover from their ordeal.
"We have increased funding for emotional and practical support twice this year, and the total amount for victims has nearly doubled since 2013," The Statement said.