An assault is the act of inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or, in some specific legal definitions, a threat or attempt to commit such an action. It is both a crime and a tort and, therefore, may result in either criminal and/or civil liability.
All sitting MPs lost their titles When Parliament was dissolved for the election to take place. Most of them Will be seeking re-election on 12 December but here are The Ones we know who Will not be Coming Back :Independents Ken Clarke , Justine Greening , Nicholas Soames , Vince Cable , John Bercow , Kate Hoey , Jo Johnson and Gloria de Piero
Former Education Secretary and Tory Brexit rebel Justine Greening (Putney), thinks she can "achieve more positive change outside Parliament" and Will now focus specifically on improving social mobility.
One-time Conservative leadership candidate and walking enthusiast (Penrith and The Border ), has switched his focus to next year's London mayoral election, in which he Will try to beat Labour's Sadiq Khan as an independent candidate.
Former Home, and Work and Pensions, Secretary - MP for the ultra-marginal Hastings and Rye Seat - resigned from the cabinet and surrendered the Tory whip over Brexit in September. She was not among those who later had The Whip restored by the PM and is not standing again.
Suspended Conservative Charlie Elphicke (Dover), who lost the Conservative whip after being accused of sexual Assault - which he denies - Will not stand again This Time . He is being replaced as Tory candidate by his wife, Natalie.
Ian Austin - a former Minister for regional affairs under Gordon Brown - When he criticised The Party 's approach to tackling anti-Semitism. In November, Mr Austin announced he would be standing down and in The Polling Booths .
(Liverpool Riverside) also quit Labour over claims of anti-Semitism within The Party .
Suspended ex-Labour MP (Luton North) is retiring, saying he wants to spend more time with his wife, who is in ill health.
Another former Labour MP, (Barrow and Furness), announced he wouldn't stand because he was having a baby with his partner, Isabel Hardman . He has also been appointed as an "extremism envoy" by the Home Office .
The only person actually elected as an independent in 2017 was (North Down). The one-time Ulster Unionist is standing down after 18 years as an MP, saying she wants to spend more time with her family.Conservatives
(Loughborough), the current culture Secretary , surprised Westminster watchers by announcing her departure. She gave as her reasons the "clear impact" on her family and "The Other sacrifices involved in and the abuse for doing The Job of a modern MP".
Her decision prompted some to question whether abuse aimed at female MPs was prompting them to step down in disproportionate Numbers - and whether Women were standing down at a Younger age and after fewer years of Service .
However, just 26% of those standing down are Women - compared with 32% overall. While they are on average a little Younger - at 59, compared with 61 for Men , the difference is not large. Women do seem to be standing down after less time in The Commons than Men - four and a half years sooner on average.
(Mid Sussex), grandson of wartime leader Sir Winston Churchill , was among those kicked out of The Party by Boris Johnson over his opposition to a no-deal Brexit . He has since been welcomed back into the fold, but is standing down.Famous family: Sir Nicholas Soames with his grandfather Sir Winston Churchill
Deputy leader (West Bromwich East) is to step down from his role and not run again for Parliament citing "personal not political" reasons. He Will continuing campaigning on gambling regulation, Public Health and preventing press intrusion.Watson has been in frontline politics for 35 years
Of The Other Labour MPs who have announced their intention to step aside, a good number are either Brexiteers or against a second referendum.
Jim Fitzpatrick (Poplar and Limehouse) and Sir Kevin Barron (Rother Valley) have both voted for Theresa May 's Brexit deal at some stage. Veteran trade unionist Ronnie Campbell (Blyth Valley) and (Vauxhall) backed leave in the 2016 referendum.
Ex-shadow justice Minister (Ashfield), expressed concern over the "lack of tolerance for different viewpoints" within her party in her resignation speech.
(Cynon Valley), who at 82 is the oldest woman to sit in The House of Commons, is leaving after 35 years.
Other Labour MPs stepping down are:Other parties Vince Cable was the second politician to appear on the BBC's Strictly Come Dancing
Former Lib Dem party leader (Twickenham) and colleague (North Norfolk) - both former ministers in The Coalition Government - both announced their decisions to stand down back in August. Sir Norman Will focus on setting up a fund for people with Mental Health issues and learning disabilities.
Former Conservative and Change UK MP (Cambridgeshire South), who only joined the Lib Dems a few weeks ago, said she had suffered "utterly dehumanising abuse" as an MP in a letter to her constituents announcing her intention to quit.
Joan Ryan (Enfield North) and (Stockport) are both former Labour MPs who quit to join Change UK.
The DUP's (Upper Bann) is leaving The Green benches after a reported affair with a party colleague.The Speaker
In addition to being The House of Commons referee, former Conservative has been the MP for Buckingham since 1997.
Before he announced his decision to step down, the Conservative Party said it intended to break convention and run a candidate against him at the next election.More on the election