An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film, radio, and television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής, literally "one who answers".
It was big-budget, American TV starring Meryl Streep . And in 1979 the mini-series Holocaust transformed how Germans saw their own history.
This month the drama has been shown again on German TV - and it is as relevant as ever.
Holocaust tells the story of a fictional Jewish Family - Josef Weiss, a successful Berlin doctor, and his wife and children - charting their tragic journey from bourgeois affluence to the gas chambers.
A parallel story focuses on Erik Dorf, an unemployed lawyer, who is initially apolitical, But gets a job with Hitler's SS and becomes part of the Nazi killing machine.Social impact of seeing victims of NazisMeryl Streep played a Christian woman, Inga, married to one of the Weiss sons
This was the First Time that a major mainstream drama had portrayed the lives of Hitler's victims.
Until then, serious documentaries had dealt with facts and figures, and during the 1960s The Debate focused primarily on perpetrators - sparked in part by the Auschwitz trials, held in Frankfurt between 1963 and 1965.
He has written a book (Zeitenwende 1979) about key events of 1979 that transformed The World . He believes This Tv drama is one of them, alongside the Iranian Revolution and the election of Margaret Thatcher .Soviet troops liberated starving survivors at Auschwitz in January 1945
Unusually, perpetrators are not demonised as freakishly diabolical sadists, But appear as ordinary Germans, cogs in the Nazi machine, who contributed to The Holocaust through small everyday acts of cruelty or cowardice.Actor James Woods (C) played Jewish artist Karl Weiss, married to Inga
But German commentators slammed the series, calling it a kitsch melodramatic soap opera that trivialised the Shoah (Holocaust).
Left-wingers accused US broadcasters of cynically exploiting Nazi crimes for the sake of TV ratings. Right-wing nationalists complained that German war victims were being forgotten.
Neo-Nazis even bombed two television transmitters in an attempt to stop the broadcasts in Germany .Karl Weiss suffers Nazi brutality in Buchenwald concentration camp
Initially some German officials feared the series would spark anti-German sentiment abroad, says Prof Bösch. But The National soul-searching provoked by the drama has led to respect for how Germany faces up to its past crimes.
And the nationwide debate led to a thirst for more knowledge. During the 1980s schools demanded more teaching material, German historians started focusing more on The Holocaust , and concentration camps opened The First major exhibitions and memorials.A timely reminder for Germans
Last year AfD leader Alexander Gauland described Nazi rule as "mere bird droppings in over 1,000 years of successful German history".
And according to a survey by the Körber Foundation .
Forty years after Holocaust was first broadcast in Germany , accessible dramas that highlight Nazi crimes are still needed.